Bogus Drivers Licenses, Fake Passports

The State of Minnesota is running a facial recognition algorithm on Minnesota drivers licenses and state ID’s.

Partial results: 
  • Ran the algorithm on 11 million license photos
  • Flagged 1 million for manual review
  • Of the 100,000 reviewed so far, 1200 licenses were cancelled
By simple extrapolation of the numbers, there could be as many as 10,000 bogus state issued ID’s or licenses out of the pool of 11 million. There isn’t enough data in the media to know if a simple extrapolation is valid, so the number could be less.

Meanwhile, Government Accounting Office investigators were able to obtain US passports with fake identification in three out of seven attempts.

I think there is a house of cards here somewhere.

Oracle Continues to Write Defective Software, Customers Continue to Buy it

What’s worse:

  • Oracle continues to write and ship pathetically insecure software.


  • Customers continue to pay for it.

From the July 2010 Oracle CPU pre release announcement:

Oracle Product Vulnerability Rating License Cost/Server
Database Server Remote, No Auth[1] 7.8/10 $167,000[2]

Awesome. For a mere $167,000[2] I get the privilege of installing poorly written, remotely exploitable, defective database software on a $5,000 2-socket Intel server.

Impressive, isn’t it.

I’m not sure what a ‘Times-Ten’ server is – but I’m glad we don’t have it installed. The good news is that it’s only half the price of an Enterprise Edition install. The bad news is that it is trivially exploitable (score of 10 on a scale of 1-10).

Oracle Product Vulnerability Rating License Cost/Server
Times-Ten Server Remote, No Auth[1] 10/10 $83,000[3]

From what I can see from the July 2010 pre-release announcement, their entire product catalog is probably defective. Fortunately I only need to be interested in the products that we have installed and have an Oracle’s CVSS of 6 or greater & are remotely exploitable (the really pathetic incompetence).

If I were to buy a Toyota for $20,000, and if anytime during the first three years the Toyota was determined to be a smoldering pile of defective sh!t, Toyota would notify me and offer to fix the defect at no cost to me other than in inconvenience of having to drive to their dealership and wait in their lobby for a couple hours while they replace the defective parts. If they didn’t offer to replace or repair the defects, various federal regulatory agencies in various countries would force them the ‘fess up to the defect and fix it at no cost to me. Oracle is doing a great job on notification. But unfortunately they are handing me the parts and telling me to crawl under the car and replace them myself.

An anecdote: I used to work in manufacturing as a machinist, making parts with tolerances as low as +/-.0005in (+/-.013mm). If the blueprint called for a diameter of 1.000” +/-.0005 and I machined the part to a diameter of 1.0006” or .9994”, the part was defective. In manufacturing, when engineers designed defective parts and/or machinists missed the tolerances and made defective parts, we called it ‘scrap’ when the part was un-fixable or ‘re-work’ if it could be repaired to meet tolerances. We wrote it up, calculated the cost of repair/re-machining and presented it to senior management. If we did it too often, we got fired. The ‘you are fired’ part happen often enough that myself, my foreman and the plant manager had a system. The foreman invited the soon to be fired employee into the break room for coffee, the plant manager sat down with the employee, handed him a cup of coffee and delivered the bad news. Meanwhile I packed up the terminated employees tools, emptied their locker and set the whole mess out in the parking lot next to their car. The employee was escorted from the break room directly to their car.

Will that happen at Oracle? Probably not.

Another anecdote: Three decades ago I was working night shift in a small machine shop. The owner was a startup in a highly competitive market, barely making the payroll. If we made junk, his customers would not pay him, he’d fail to make payroll, his house of cards would collapse and 14 people would be out of work. One night I took a perfectly good stack of parts that each had hundreds of dollars of material and labor already invested in them and instead of machining them to specification, I spent the entire shift machining them wrong & turning them into un-repairable scrap.

  • One shift’s worth of labor wasted ($10/hour at the time)
  • One shift’s worth of CNC machining time wasted ($40/hour at the time)
  • Hundreds of dollars per part of raw material and labor from prior machining operations wasted
  • Thousands of dollars wasted total (the payroll for a handful of employees for that week.)

My boss could have (or should have) fired me. I decided to send him a message that hopefully would influence him. I turned in my timecard for the night (a 10 hour shift) with ‘0’ in the hours column.

Will that happen at Oracle? Probably not.

One more anecdote: Three decades ago, the factory that I worked at sold a large, multi-million dollar order of products to a foreign government. The products were sold as ‘NEMA-<mumble-something> Explosion Proof’. I’m not sure what the exact NEMA rating was. Back in the machine shop, we just called them ‘explosion proof’.

After the products were install on the pipeline in Siberia[4], the factory sent the product out for independent testing & NEMA certification. The product failed. Doh!

Too late for the pipeline in Siberia though. The defective products were already installed. The factory (and us peons back in the machine shop) frantically figured out how to get the dang gear boxes to pass certification. The end result was that we figure out how to re-work the gear boxes in the field and get them to pass. If I remember correctly,  the remedy was to re-drill 36 existing holes on each part 1/4” deeper, tap the holes with a special bottoming tap, and use longer, higher grade bolts. To remedy the defect, we sent field service techs to Siberia and had them fix the product in place.

The factory:

  1. Sold the product as having certain security related properties (safe to use in explosive environments)
  2. Failed to demonstrate that their product met their claims
  3. Figured out how to re-manufacture the product to meet their claims
  4. Independently certified that the claims were met.
  5. Upgraded the product in the field at no cost to the customer

Oracle certainly has met conditions #1, #2 and #3 above. Will they take action #4 and #5?

Probably not.

[1]Remotely exploitable - no authentication required implies that any system that can connect to the Oracle listener can exploit the database with no credentials, no session, no login, etc. In Oracles words: “may be exploited over a network without the need for a username and password”

[2]Per Core prices: Oracle EE $47,000, Partitioning $11,500, Advanced Security $11,500, Diag Pack $5000, Tuning Pack $5000, Patch Management $3500. Core factor of 0.5, discount of 50%  == $167,000. YMMV.

[3]All other prices calculated as list price * 8 cores * .5 core factor * 50% discount.

[4]I have no idea if the pipeline was the infamous pipeline that made the headlines in the early 1980’s or not, nor do I know if it is the one that is rumored to have been blown up by the CIA by letting the Soviets steal defective software. We made gearboxes that opened and closed valves, not the software that drove them. We were told by management that these were ‘on a pipeline in Siberia’.