I figured he was missing the point of our conversation. Here's my reply:
Thursday, May 10, 2012 8:31 AM
The context of our conversation was really strategic, not tactical. The short term issue of a specific malware incident isn't important. (We knew about Flashback and how to remove it shortly after it was discovered.)
What is an interesting discussion is Apple's strategic, corporate wide attitude towards enterprise desktop security and desktop management and the question of whether or not Apple, as a corporation, will step up to the plate with world class proactive and reactive management of the security of OS X when they are subjected to the same sort of focus from dedicated, highly capable attackers that MS has been subjected to the last decade or so.
The things on my radar:
- Apple is consistently slow to patch compared to their peers. They were last to the plate with the latest Java fix. That's not a good sign.
- Apple still asserts that they are 'more secure' than their peers, yet offers no specific technical backing for the assertions. That's not a good sign.
- In past security performance, OS X has fared well compared to its peers. However it doesn't appear as though its performance is due to superiority in design or execution. OS X has fallen first and hardest at browser hacking contests over the last handful of years, an indication that there is no inherent superiority to OS X in either design or execution. Apples past performance is likely good because nobody bothered to attack them. That has/is/will change. Apples ability to manage itself when it is the target of the worlds best hackers is untested.
- Apple fumbled badly when they did have a major incident (the delayed response and the number of patches that it took for them to clean up the last malware incident.) That's an indicator of immaturity in the general space of incident handling.
- Apple insists on mixing routine bug fixes with security updates (today's patch, for example, is both security and bug fix). We prefer to be able to separate patches which are security only (we can rush them out) with patches that may affect the stability of existing applications (we can test them thoroughly). That's really a best practice across any system.
- The short product support cycle of OS X. Apples peers provide security patches for operating systems that are quite old in comparison to Apple. An OS version that is not supported by the manufacturer with security updates for roughly 5 years after last customer ship is hard to manage in the enterprise space. Unless that changes, we'll have lots of unsupported, insecure OS X installs years from now, as support will have ended when the system is still in use.
- I obviously don't have any inside knowledge of OS X browser or kernel, but the fact that I have to re-boot the kernel when updating the browser is an indicator that the browser is tightly coupled to the kernel (for good reason, no doubt) but also is an indicator that any vulnerabilities in the browser have a fair chance of affecting the kernel. Recent browser-cracking competitions have shown that to be true, AFAIK.
- A really dumb, brain dead mistake like the latest 'store passwords in the clear on when upgrading an encrypted file system' is an indicator of immature processes in Apples internal software development and deployment. If that happens more than once, not only will we have an indicator of immaturity, but we'll also have an indicator that Apple can't learn from its mistakes. (Adobe, for example, would be an example of a company that seems to make the same mistakes over & over again.)
Again - specific incidents are not really interesting unless I perceive them as indicators of larger, more persistent problems.
I have to close up my 11" Air home computer, buzz into work and light up my 11" Air work computer. ;-)
I don't know if Apple is ten years behind Microsoft on desktop security or not. I'm pretty sure though, that there is nothing about OS X (or any other desktop operating system) that is inherently superior such that we can afford to ignore the fundamentals desktop security. This exploit, for example, is platform neutral.
Apple has joined the big leagues. We'll soon find out how well they play.
I'm also pretty sure that even if we do rigorously follow security best practices, we'll still be doing our banking from botted desktops.
If it can surf the Internet, it cannot be secured.